Epoxy flooring can be applied in a variety of different areas. Some common places are garages, workshops, warehouses, factories, or any other place where there is constant foot traffic and the need to protect the concrete surface from chemicals or physical damage.

There are many different types of epoxy coatings that you can apply to your concrete surface. Each type of epoxy has its own advantage for specific installation areas. This article will look at what epoxy actually is, the different types of epoxy coatings, and the most common areas you will find epoxy floors.

What is an Epoxy Coating?

An epoxy coating is a chemical reaction with active chemicals that harden. It leaves a protective layer on the surface it has been applied to. Epoxy is available in many different forms, including paints and floor coatings. These surfaces are very durable, chemical resistant, and easy to clean.

Epoxy coatings are ideal for heavy traffic areas where there is a high chance of chemicals spilling or coming into contact with the concrete surface. Some common areas include garages, workshops, warehouses, or factories that handle large quantities of chemicals.

Types of Epoxy Coating

Different epoxy coatings are available, depending on their intended use. The two most popular epoxies for flooring are Polyaspartic and Urethane. They are both made up of polymers but have different combinations of hardeners that make them suitable for specific applications.

Polyurethane Epoxy Flooring

These types of epoxy flooring have a higher number of crosslinks which make it harder and more durable. It is important to note that Polyurethane epoxy flooring will emit some sort of odor when applied. Typically, it takes around 48 hours for the smell to dissipate.

Polyaspartic Epoxy Flooring

Polyaspartic epoxy hardens with exposure to air, making it ideal for areas with no moisture or humidity in the air (example: warehouses). This type of epoxy flooring does not have an odor so that it can be used indoors. However, due to their chemical makeup, Polyaspartic epoxies are easily damaged compared with other types of epoxy used for garage floors.

Self-Leveling Epoxy Flooring

Another type of epoxy flooring is a self-leveling coating. This type of epoxy is very thin and typically used as a leveling layer underneath another thicker form of epoxy. It’s important to note that their chemical makeup makes them water sensitive, which means you need to keep the humidity low during the application and drying process.

Metallic Epoxy Flooring

There are also metallic epoxies that have metal flakes mixed into the chemical combination. These types of epoxy flooring come in a variety of colors and finishes, making them perfect for aesthetic purposes as well as durability.

Flake Epoxy Flooring

Flake epoxy is very similar to Metallic epoxies, but it has a higher concentration of metal flakes. This type of epoxy flooring will have a more consistent color throughout the coating compared with Metallic Epoxy Flooring.

Common Areas for Epoxy Coating

If you are looking to install an epoxy floor in your home, there are different types of installations depending on where you want to use it. Garages and workshops typically need strong durability against chemicals or physical damage, while the basement might need waterproofing due to humidity concerns.

Garage Epoxy Flooring